Scientology was founded by an American called L. Ron Hubbard in 1950. The religion rejects the idea that man is simply a higher animal and does not believe that modern materialism is a positive force. In fact, Scientology sees materialism as a destructive force.

Thetan is the term used to describe a persons inner spirit, this spirit is not a separate part of the person. Scientologist believe that a person is made up of three elements – Theta, mind and body – and that any person can be helped to take control of themselves though using this “applied religious philosophy”. Scientology teaches that the human mind has two parts, an analytical part and a reactive part. The reactive part of the mind records everything the individual experiences, one of the goals of Scientologists is to neutralise the activity of the reactive mind so that the individual may gain better personal control.