- c. 570 C.E.
Birth of Muhammad
- 610 C.E.
Muhammad receives the first revelation of the Qur’an.
- 620 C.E.
Muhammad’s night journey to Jerusalem.
- 622 C.E.
Hijra. The move of Muhammad and his early community to Medina. The first year of the Muslim Calendar.
Muslims conquer Jerusalem.
Beginning of Shii movement which believes that the succession of leadership in the Muslim community should be hereditary.
Development of Islamic law, patronage of art and culture, rising trade, agriculture and industry.
Safavid Empire (Iran)
Mughal Empire (south Asia)
Islamic revivalism and reform.
Muslim Brotherhood founded in Egypt
Foundation of Pakistan as a homeland for Muslims.
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is established.
Second Arab-Israeli war
Iranian Revoluntion and the foundation of the Islamic Republic of Iran under the Ayatollah Khomeini.
Assassination of Anwar al-Sadat, Egyption president.
Benazir Bhutto elected as prime minister of Pakistan. The first elected female head of state.